Quick Answer: What Are The Six Main Risk Factors For Cardiovascular Disease?

What are the 4 uncontrollable risk factors?

The “uncontrollable” risk factors are: Age (the risk increases with age)…The “controllable” risk factors are:Smoking.High blood pressure.High blood cholesterol.High blood sugar (diabetes)Obesity and overweight.Obesity and Overweight.Physical inactivity.Stress..

What is the main cause of cardiovascular disease?

Plaque buildup thickens and stiffens artery walls, which can inhibit blood flow through your arteries to your organs and tissues. Atherosclerosis is also the most common cause of cardiovascular disease. It can be caused by correctable problems, such as an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, being overweight and smoking.

What are the 4 signs your heart is quietly failing?

Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down.Fatigue and weakness.Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet.Rapid or irregular heartbeat.Reduced ability to exercise.Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm.More items…•

What are the risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

The main risk factors for CVD are outlined below.High blood pressure. High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most important risk factors for CVD. … Smoking. … High cholesterol. … Diabetes. … Inactivity. … Being overweight or obese. … Family history of CVD. … Ethnic background.More items…

What are the six main risk factors for cardiovascular disease quizlet?

Terms in this set (63)T/F The six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed are tobacco use, high blood pressure, obesity, unhealthy cholesterol levels, diabetes, and physical inactivity. … T/F LDL cholesterol is the less healthy form of cholesterol.More items…

What are the four most likely risk factors for cardiovascular disease quizlet?

Smoking; smoking, hypertension, and high cholesterol are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

What are the 3 risk factors?

The three categories of risk factors are detailed here:Increasing Age. The majority of people who die of coronary heart disease are 65 or older. … Male gender. … Heredity (including race) … Tobacco smoke. … High blood cholesterol. … High blood pressure. … Physical inactivity. … Obesity and being overweight.More items…

What are the five risk factors?

The top five risk factors that most often are responsible for foodborne illness outbreaks are:Improper hot/cold holding temperatures of potentially hazardous food.Improper cooking temperatures of food.Dirty and/or contaminated utensils and equipment.Poor employee health and hygiene.Food from unsafe sources.

Who is at high risk of heart attack?

Men age 45 or older and women age 55 or older are more likely to have a heart attack than are younger men and women. Tobacco. This includes smoking and long-term exposure to secondhand smoke. High blood pressure.

Which is a form of cardiovascular disease?

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the most common form of heart disease. It occurs when the arteries supplying blood to the heart narrow or harden from the build-up of plaque. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol and other substances found in the blood. This plaque build-up is also known as atherosclerosis.

What is a good cardiovascular exercise?

Viable options include hiking, jogging, cycling, rowing, running, and elliptical training. Just remember, it is any activity that increases your breathing and heart rate! At the start of every session, take 5-10 minutes to gradually rev up your cardiovascular system and improve blood flow to your muscles.

Can cardiovascular disease be cured?

A: Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better. Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today. There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries.

What does a heart blockage feel like?

A completely blocked coronary artery will cause a heart attack. The classic signs and symptoms of a heart attack include crushing pressure in your chest and pain in your shoulder or arm, sometimes with shortness of breath and sweating.

What are the 3 types of cardiovascular disease?

Types of Heart & Vascular DiseasesCoronary Artery Disease (CAD) This type of cardiovascular disease involves atherosclerosis—hardening and narrowing—of the coronary arteries, producing blockages in the vessels that carry blood to the heart. … Heart Attack. … Arrhythmia. … Heart Failure. … Congenital Heart Defects. … Cardiomyopathy. … Peripheral Artery Disease.

What are the warning signs of clogged arteries?

Do clogged arteries cause any symptoms?Chest pain.Shortness of breath.Heart palpitations.Weakness or dizziness.Nausea.Sweating.

What risk factors can you control?

Risk factors that can be controlled include blood pressure, diabetes, cholesterol, weight, smoking and other wellness factors like physical activity and stress level. Understanding the role these factors play in your health is an important step in reducing your risk for heart disease.

Who is most at risk for heart failure?

Heart failure is most common in people over age 65, African-Americans, and women.Age. Heart failure risk increases with advancing age. … Gender. Men are at higher risk for heart failure than women. … Ethnicity. … Family History and Genetics. … Diabetes. … Obesity. … Lifestyle Factors. … Medications Associated with Heart Failure.

What are examples of risk factors?

Risk factor examplesNegative attitudes, values or beliefs.Low self-esteem.Drug, alcohol or solvent abuse.Poverty.Children of parents in conflict with the law.Homelessness.Presence of neighbourhood crime.Early and repeated anti-social behaviour.More items…•

Which is a form of cardiovascular disease quizlet?

Types of cardiovascular disease (CVD): Atherosclerosis and plaque, CHD, angina pectoris, arrhythmia, CHF, Stroke (CVA) Understand the terms ischemia, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction What is an M.I.

What are the signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease?

General Warning Signs and SymptomsExtreme fatigue.Constant dizziness or lightheadedness.A fast heart rate (more than 100 beats per minute)A new, irregular heartbeat.Chest pain or discomfort during activity that goes away with rest.Difficulty breathing during regular activities and rest.More items…

Does your body warn you before a heart attack?

We might pause at these moments and wonder if it’s time to hightail it the doctor or if this is normal. The reality is people can notice subtle heart attack symptoms months before an actual event occurs, says Sutter Zi-Jian Xu, M.D., a cardiologist in the Sutter Health network.

What are the 6 risk factors?

3.2, health risk factors and their main parameters in built environments are further identified and classified into six groups: biological, chemical, physical, psychosocial, personal, and others.

What are the signs of an unhealthy heart?

10 SIGNS OF AN UNHEALTHY HEART YOU NEED TO KNOW. Heart problems are the leading cause of death in the United States. … Aching In The Shoulder and Chest. … Snoring and Sleeping Problems. … Difficulty With Sexual Function. … Irregular Heartbeat. … Sore Gums and Jaw, Mouth Problems. … Puffy Legs and Feet. … Shortness Of Breath and Fatigue.More items…